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2. The History of Miiltary Judiciary

The History of Miiltary Judiciary:

The birth of the military judiciary in Turkey encounters the foundation years of the Ottaman Empire (AD 1299). At the beginning the military judiciary was involved in the civilian judiciary. The Ottaman Empire had formed the first standing military by the end of the 12 th century.

During those years the military judiciary had been sperated from the civilian judiciary. Initially, the judgement authorization had been carried out by non-proffessional law-enforces.

Between the years 1299-1923 marking the start of the constitution of the military judiciary and the and of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey, the military judiciary had experienced many modifications.

Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the first Constitution in 1924 came into force. The first Military Criminal and Military Procedure Codes which are compatible with the Western Europian Law System came into force in 1930.

With these codes which are far more new and modern than those were at the Ottaman times;

a. Military courts were established in modern sense.

b. Proffessional judges were employed in the Military Courts.

c. The basis of confidential prosecution was replaced by the public prosecution.

d. Right to defense was accepted.

e. Right to appeal was given.

f. The punishments were amended on the basis of the modern law principles.

From those codes which had come into force in 1930, the Military Procedure Code was removed and a new one was confirmed in 1964. With modifications, the Military Criminal Codes are still in force. 

 

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